Pleuritis is an excessive inflammation of the pleura caused by asbestos fibers. The disease is also known as pleurisy or pleuritic chest pain. It causes severe pain in the chest and shoulder due to inflamed surfaces roughly rubbing against each other. It is often accompanied by pleural effusions and the pain tends to be worse while breathing, coughing or moving. In 10 percent of cases, patients end up developing mesothelioma. In areas less affected by asbestos, the percentage decreases to 3.3 percent.